50 - Define life in other words.
|Thermo dynamic horizon
|Right here on our mother earth
|eyes everywhere - to engrave to memory
Dedicated to life
The double helix creation
and the wonders of everything
This page is dedicated to cosmic
"We are not alone and this is how life began"
The driving force of life’s origins
in terms of
our insight and conclusions
as to the emergence of life
as a result of expert statements further down, namely:
1. Out of chaos there came order
2. Plans were laid for replication and reproduction
3. Information molecules with memory and reason
Right here on
the Internet our nerve system is at work – you read and understand my words now…
|Our own Milky way
Even the Bible refers to this: Rom 8:21: For the creation was subjected to frustration, not by its own choice, but by the one who subjected it, in hope that the creation itself will be
liberated from its bondage to decay.
The all important concept
and ground stone in physics is entropy
which has its roots in thermodynamics.
This abstract concept is described in various ways, e.g:
|states of matter
|pressure enthalpy diagram
third law of thermodynamics,
as the Nernst heat theorem, states that if one could take spheres to absolute zero temperature, all bodies would have
the same entropy. In other words, a body at absolute zero could exist in only one possible state, possessing a definite energy,
called the zero-point energy.
This state is defined as having zero
It is the point where everything comes
to a halt.
the entropy of a substance approaches zero, its temperature approaches absolute zero. In between, comes a stage with
super liquids, possessing strange properties. Thermodynamic
entropy is central in chemical thermodynamics, enabling changes to be quantified and the outcome of reactions predicted.
The second law of thermodynamics states that entropy
in the combination of a system and its surroundings (or in an isolated system by itself) - increases during all spontaneous chemical and
physical processes and can reach explosive dimensions.
Entropy, historically, has often been associated
with the amount of order, disorder, and/or chaos in a thermodynamic system. The traditional definition of entropy
is that it refers to changes in the status quo of the system and that it is a measure of "molecular disorder" and the amount of wasted energy in a dynamical energy transformation, from
one state or form to another = change.
An important law of physics, the second law of thermodynamics, states that the total entropy of
any isolated thermodynamic system tends to increase over time, approaching a maximum value; and so, by implication, the entropy of the universe (i.e. the system and its surroundings), assumed as an isolated
system, tends to increase.
But all imply a spontaneous decrease in entropy (i.e. an increase in order) and
are therefore not possible without an external driving force,
such as intelligent life.
|what is thermodynamics
In general, according to the
second law of thermodynamics, the entropy of a system that is not isolated may decrease. An air conditioner, for example, cools
the air in a room, thus reducing the entropy of the air. The heat, however, involved in operating the air conditioner, always
makes a bigger
to the entropy of the environment
than the decrease of the entropy of the air. Thus the total entropy of the room and the environment
increases. Entropy is a measure of the unavailability
of a system’s energy to do work, as well as a measure of disorder.
The higher the entropy, the greater the disorder
|Arrows of Time
Entropy is the only quantity in the physical sciences that "picks"
a particular direction for time, sometimes called an arrow of time.
As we go "forward" in time, the second
law of thermodynamics tells us that the entropy of an isolated
system can only increase or remain the same; it cannot decrease. Hence, from one perspective, entropy measurement is thought
of as a kind of evolutionary clock.
We are not alone and this is how life begins
|direction of growth
by Staff Writers Boston MA (SPX) Aug 20, 2010: Space War
A revolutionary series of discoveries
ushers in a new paradigm in our understanding of how life began. In this month's issue of the online Journal of
Cosmology, Dr. Michael Russell and colleagues, of NASA, JPL, and the California Institute of Technology, have
detailed a bold new theory, supported by considerable evidence, demonstrating how life emerged in the tempestuous water-world
that was our planet four billion years ago.
Russell's work receives near unanimous support from 12 independent scientists who report on the evolutionary stages taken
by life, right from its emergence in a warm and bitter submarine spring spewing hydrogen-rich waters
into a carbonated ocean, through the process of metabolism, onto the RNA world, to the first viruses,
and bacteria to animals, humans and consciousness. Something we call
evolution, once intelligence takes over, we call it progressive evolutionary expansion. The second
bang of re-creation into Cosmos - life willfully taking control of matter - to make it come alive.
|nano world fibroblast cytoskeleton
|I am sure what we are seeing in this image, also exist on a cosmic scale.
|This is double helix Life
|It starts with protein production
eminent scientists have concluded that the DNA make up of even the simplest
of cells is so complex,
it is almost beyond our imagination to conceive of how even proto-cells may have formed.
|Images like these are the flowers of the double Helix
In order to understand this age old problem we shouldn't ask what life is,
but what life does.
life does, is to take carbon dioxide from the atmosphere or the ocean and to cause a reaction with hydrogen gleaned from water
to produce waste products such as methane, acetate and, later in Earth's history, oxygen.
Life can push a planet
like ours closer to chemical and physical equilibrium,
and here is the key clue to the emergence of life:
Out of chaos there came order, and it was alive
|Very small sub atomic particles
|Fermions in the World of Matter
carbon dioxide from volcanoes, and the hydrogen emanating from the Earth at hot springs or produced by photosynthesis, are
out of equilibrium. They want to react, but are inhibited from doing so by the symmetry of the carbon dioxide molecule. Life is the catalyst that encourages and quickens their interaction.
If carbon dioxide were to have easily reacted with hydrogen there would have been no call for life - chemistry
would have done the job. But the early earth had a very rich carbon dioxide atmosphere indeed, perhaps the equivalent of ten
How to resolve the chemical tension and approach equilibrium?
Life was the solution or the catalyst to change…
|The Food Chain starts here
The advantage of a submarine spring for life's hatchery is
that all the requirements of life are delivered on site by convection currents of electrochemical energy (up to 1 volt, commensurate with what life is currently driven by), hydrogen, ammonia, phosphate and all those trace metals that make up the active
centers of the metalloenzymes to this day.
What was missing were organic molecules but making
those was proto-life's first job.
Life did not emerge as life, but
evolved into life, and
life's intermediary was cell-like proto-life which began as a series of compartments almost identical to those fashioned naturally
in undersea thermal vents such as the romantically named Lost City, to this day.
|under sea thermal vents
The steps from inorganic to organic and proto-life were rife with difficulties.
Pathways were beaten from hydrogen plus carbon dioxide through formate and formaldehyde to a methyl group and thereby to acetate
and pyruvate as well as to other carboxylic acids. Some of these organic acids were probably aminated with hydrothermal ammonia
to amino acids in reactions encouraged by the alkaline conditions obtained in the hydrothermal hatchery.
|Conected grid of nuerons
|Something like the World Wide Web.
Yet, to get started, the vehicle of life had
not only to be inorganic but also cell-like to take advantage of the energy available from gradients building up across the
cellular wall gradients of pH, redox and temperature as well as the hydrothermal delivery of that best of all fluid fuels,
hydrogen. Compartments form naturally in undersea vents and these compartments were able to hold in the organic products from
reactions between the carbon dioxide, the hydrogen, phosphate, ammonia and sulfide, catalyzed by the transition metals.
|Made by very small Life
|Double Helix Life Structure
|Click for Large
The prototypes compartmentalizing
vehicles of life were therefore hybrids, driven by electrochemical as well as chemical energy. The exhaust effluents were
acetate and methane.
Only once the vehicle's engine had been fabricated could the system be regulated
and the plans
laid for reproduction.
In other words metabolism had to be preceded by replication.
The RNA era was the next evolutionary development.
And how did this RNA world arise? As detailed in the same edition, lifeless viral particles may have served
as mobile RNA-worlds which interacted with Russell's compartmentalized catalytic proto-cells to kick-start life. Viruses may
have later provided the direction which guided the trajectory of what would become replicating life.
|Viral Protective Coating
|5 million atoms viral coat
So what played the part of the first
enzymes in the absence of direction; how did these entities take over from mere catalysis? Once amino acids had formed within
the cell-like compartments they could be induced to join up as short peptides driven by energy available in di- and tri-phosphates
|like a space ship
|out of this world
|Replicating inside microbes and virus
As is now known, these are promoted
in alkaline conditions. Once this energy was spent the phosphates could be recharged by the proton gradient acting across
the walls to the compartments. At the same time the short peptides could wrap themselves around the phosphates, protecting
them from dissolution and crystallization. A synergy between phosphate and peptides was born.
The peptides could also enfold the metal sulfide
clusters involved in electron transfer, hydrogenations and reductions; vastly improving their catalytic activities and approaching
the activities of modern enzymes. Moreover the peptides could begin to take over the role of membrane and cell wall while
still retaining the inorganic elements that quickened the slow geochemical reactions.
However, certain organic ring compounds could have acted as catalysts or coenzymes
too. Indeed, RNA molecules themselves such as ATP of which we all produce our own body weight every day, are vital to
metabolism. In other words, early RNA had jobs to do before they became organized as information
|life brings together, to share the same space
These RNAs operated first rather like retro-viruses. They could
travel between the cells making up the hydrothermal hatchery and those particularly adept at replication (through a convective
polymerase chain reaction driven by the thermal gradient acting across the submarine hydrothermal mound) could survive to
make DNA which in turn produced RNA which made proteins to take over from the simple peptides.
|Click on the image to enlarge
|The key to comunication
|Click to see image in LARGE
|Our future in Space.
These peptides could also play a part
in maintaining homeostasis in the cell through an ingenious mechanism suggested by John Allen in the same edition, involving
feed-forward as well as feed-back that afforded the cell a means of controlling its internal environment while adapting to
the outside world.
Evolution as a search engine for commensurate
energy and nutrient niches was now possible, evolution as the survival of the most fitting on this, or any other wet, rocky
and sunlit planet and in any galaxy.
What this means is: we are not alone, and this is how life begins.
I know I have been using images and info, obtained on the Internet.
If I used your pictures and images, please feel honored.
They have been picked as the very best, and possess something unique and special.
To me, images speak a thousand words.
|Click to Link
|detail on the DNA Molecule
someone feels offended or left out, I beg forgiveness. I am not interested in monetary gain.
In my dream world money
does not exist, and it cannot buy you a dream.
The WWW is the only information, image and communication source
To you, that double helix cosmic life exists everywhere.
Life is - the only reality and creator of all.
life is god as god is alive.
The Only One.
|Awa the dream maker
|A whole hearted gift to you.
motive is to teach and inspire the new generation,
to reach for better and bigger dreams,
to enhance the progression of all the living Life.
I am writing to my grandchildren, family and friends,
and to all of those who wish to share my dreams.
It is all I have to give.
I am a dream maker.
Everything starts with a dream for tomorrow.
yes - images say so much, much more than words. The way I see it, the Internet
is the nervous system of a global mind consisting of many nucleus,
and many overlapping influence spheres.
Minds that think alike gravitate together. To
advance a mutual objective, a focused group, community or to become a controlling force in a very specialized field in the
world of the living - our religión is our way of living together.
|Globalization of comunications
There are 250 million hungry people
out there, willing to work for their food and daily keep only. Do you have any idea how much rock they could move in one day?
We must take control of the food chain
The waste of genetic material is intolerable.
We must consider Life, just for one moment, in all our
After all, the smallest bacteria in barren rock began this food chain - it is good to know bacteriophages are feeding
on bacteria and other viruses.
Life is the recombination,
of all the elements
of the universe into double helix live structures,
re-creates the universe into cosmos.
|Life is glowing with iridesence
natural laws of the universe, for its own purpose and objectives.
”The well-being of all the living, is first of all.”
The replication, progression and evolution of all LIFE,
is the only law. Life, our cosmic being, is the only reality.
helix is a cosmic energy force, with intelligence and reason,
as it has been known, “the directional live force”.
Life changes all the laws of nature, in its own favor.
laws do not align with universal laws.
They are called cosmic laws.
of them says “anything can be moved.”
Life is the only reality,
and creator of all.
There is only one Life – the Life in all,
Life is God as God is alive
The Only One.
Therefore all life is sacred, and not one should go to waste..
Observe the double helix creations and wonders of everything
|Life on planet earth
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